KASNEB CAMS – Fundamental ICT skills Notes

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(The teaching of this unit should incorporate practical exposure of students to ICT systems)



This paper is intended to equip the candidate with the requisite knowledge, skills and attitudes to apply basic information communication technology (ICT) skills in various operating environments.


A candidate who passes this paper should be able to:

  • Demonstrate knowledge of computer systems
  • Select appropriate computer hardware and software
  • Use various computer application packages
  • Select various types of information systems
  • Use computer networks and the Internet
  • Adapt to emerging ICT trends


Introduction to ICT

  • ICT overview
  • Types of ICT
  • Information centres
  • Uses of ICT in business
  • Impact of ICT in society

Computer systems

  • Overview of a computer system
  • Evolution of computers
  • Elements of a computer system

Computer hardware

  • Overview
  • Input devices
  • Output devices
  • Processing devices
  • Storage devices
  • Communication devices
  • Factors that determine the processing power of a computer
  • Selection and acquisition of computer hardware

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Computer software

  • Overview of computer software
  • System software
  • Application software
  • Other utility software
  • Computer programming languages
  • Selection and acquisition of computer software

Introduction to operating systems

  • Overview of an operating system
  • Functions of an operating system
  • Types of operating systems
  • Computer booting
  • Selection and acquisition of operating systems

Computer files

  • Elements of a computer file
  • Types of computer files
  • Basic file design and storage
  • File organisation
  • File access methods

An overview of application packages

Word processing

  • Features of word processor
  • Formatting and editing text
  • Creating and formatting tables


  • Features of a spreadsheet program
  • Formatting and editing spreadsheet
  • Formulas and functions
  • Charts and graphs

Presentation software

  • Features of a presentation program
  • Typing and formatting text in slide
  • Slide show

Computerised accounting software

  • Capturing data
  • Features of accounting software
  • (the candidate is advised and encouraged to develop proficiency in at least one accounting software)

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Overview of information systems

  • Systems overview
  • Information systems
  • Components of an information system
  • Role of information systems in an organisation
  • Classification of information systems
  • Types of information systems
  • Overview of information systems security and controls

Computer networks

The Internet

  • Applications of Internet
  • Using search engines
  • E-mails
  • Electronic communication
  • Introduction to the Internet
  • Internet services – e-mails, www, instant messaging
  • Searching for information on the Internet
  • Internet service providers (ISPs)
  • Applications of internet
  • Impact of internet on society

Data security

  • Overview of data security
  • Threats and controls
  • Data backup and restoration procedures

Mobile devices and applications

  • Types of mobile devices
  • Uses of mobile devices
  • Mobile browsers
  • Overview of mobile applications in service delivery
  • Mobile applications security

Emerging issues and trends

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