Public Sector Governance, Policy and Administration KASNEB Notes

Download Public Sector Governance, Policy and Administration KASNEB Notes

KASNEB CS Intermediate Level Notes


This paper is intended to equip the candidate with the requisite knowledge, skills and competencies that will enable them implement governance principles in the public sector, formulate and implement relevant policies and effectively administrate public sector matters.


A candidate who passes this paper should be able to;

  • Evaluate the theoretical perspectives of public policy and administration;
  • Analyse the political and economic environment of public policy and administration;
  • Manage policy and operational relationships between levels of government;
  • Interrogate policies in various sectors and apply them to development;
  • Apply appropriate leadership and managerial systems and processes in governance; and
  • Uphold ethical, patriotic and accountable culture in governance.


Administrative theory

  • Historical and theoretical perspectives of public administration;
  • Concepts and principles of public administration;
  • Administrative processes;
  • Overview and the Role of Judicial Review
  • Primary features of administrative systems;
  • Authority, power and influence;
  • Relationship between public administration and politics; and
  • Public administration challenges in the public sector.

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Government organization, functions and practices

  • Concepts, principles and levels of government;
  • Constitutional and legal framework for devolution;
  • Separation of powers/checks and balances through the arms of government;
  • Structure and Functions of Government – national and county;
  • Interface between the National and county governments;
  • Statutory provisions for conflict resolution;
  • Role and responsibility of Certified Secretaries and Governance Auditors in management of government; and
  • Management of the political environment.

Theories and models of public policy

  • Historical and theoretical perspective of public policy;
  • Concepts and principles of public policy;
  • Public policy formulation processes (agenda setting, actors and roles);
  • Policy design formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation;
  • Public participation in the policy process; and
  • Benefits of public policy in national development.

Public policy and national development

  • Classical and neoclassical models of development;
  • The role of the State in development;
  • The political economy of development;
  • Linkage of public administration and public policy;
  • Linkage between national and county development plans;
  • National and ounty plans and policies;
  • Stakeholder’s involvement in development planning;
  • Characteristics of effective plans and policies; and
  • Challenges of public policy formulation and implementation

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Public policy analysis

  • Concept and rationale for public policy analysis;
  • Diagnosing and defining the problem (data collection and analysis)
  • Tools of public policy analysis;
  • Policy analysis models;
  • Policy implementation, monitoring and evaluation;
  • Stakeholders analysis (mapping the political and ideological contexts); and
  • Research in public policy.

Citizen participation and development planning

  • The concepts of civic education and public participation;
  • Rationale for public participation;
  • Legal framework for public participation: Constitution and legislative provisions
  • Principles of public participation;
  • Establishment of modalities and platforms of citizen participation;
  • Strategies for optimizing stakeholder engagement;
  • Benefits of public participation in government decision making; and
  • Challenges of public participation.

Public sector governance

  • Leadership, integrity and national values in public service;
  • Principles of Corporate Governance;
  • Governance Models;
  • Approaches to corporate governance;
  • Corporate relationships in the government;
  • Values based leadership;
  • Professional codes and standards of governance;
  • Framework for enforcement of ethics and integrity in public sector; and
  • Strategies for handling ethical and integrity challenges

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Resource Stewardship

  • Legal and institutional framework in resource management; (Public Finance Management Act)
  • Resource mobilisation (revenue and debt);
  • Public sector planning and budgeting, budgetary process and budgetary expenditure control;
  • Resource utilisation for delivery of goods and services (Public Procurement and Asset Disposal Act)
  • Reports and accounts for funds, outputs and results; and
  • External audit for oversight/ external accountability (Public Audit Act)

Management of public enterprises

  • Theoretical foundations of public enterprises;
  • State-market debate;
  • Typology of public enterprises;
  • Organisation and governance structure;
  • Regulatory and legal framework of public enterprises;
  • Public investment appraisal;
  • Relationship between government agencies and private firms in the market place;
  • Performance of public enterprises across sectors and countries;
  • Reform of public enterprises including privatisation/divestiture;
  • Public Private Partnerships

Case studies in public sector governance, policy and administration

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